After getting my paternal ancestry test results, I am now all gung-ho about hunting via the DNA route. This time, I found my mom’s mom’s mom’s … mom’s mom. Maternal lineage tests are derived from mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) which is passed from a mother to her children — both male and female. This test is a powerful investigative tool for researching the maternal line and identifying one’s maternal ancient ancestry.
I am blown away at how I share DNA similarities with a group that has literally roamed the earth! Haplogroup B is also referred to as THE JOURNEYERS. I entered the values into Mitosearch, and compared my DNA makeup with many others on record. I found that I share ancient maternal ancestry with people from Argentina, Barabados, Bolivia, Brazil, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, England, France, Germany, Guatemala, Hungary, Korea, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mexico, New Zealand, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Samoa, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Thailand, United States, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, and Vietnam.
I am looking forward to reading a novel called “The Seven Daughters of Eve” by Brian Sykes, which is describes the lifestyle of the Journeyers in a rich narrative surrounding their ancestral mother, whom the author called “Ina”. It is so cool how that means mother in Tagalog.
If you are my San Diego, Porcincula, De Leon or Concepcion relative, give me a holler if you want a copy of the full report.
You belong to the Journeyers, Haplogroup B, which emerged around 50,000 years ago during an initial migration from Africa into Asia. The Journeyers most likely mapped this migration directly through Central Asia. About 12,000 years ago some of the Journeyers migrated into the Americas across the Bering Straight land bridge. Because of this migration, the Journeyers have been associated with Native American populations at rates of about 24%.
Many of the descendants of the Journeyers are found among Native Americans in the southwestern United States, known for its cactus-covered, arid desert. Native tribes of the American southwest include the Apache, Hopi, Navajo and Zuni, among others.
The people known as Apache are actually a gathering of different tribes who have, over time, become regarded as a single group. There are significant differences among the Apache tribes, but there are also notable similarities. Among the broad Apachean cultures shamans play a key role, although the ceremonies they lead and participate in may vary.
The Hopi people are called Hopituh Shi-nu-mu in their language, which translates to “The People of Peace.” Peace is central to the Hopi’s cultural and religious beliefs. A matrilineal tradition gives structure to the Hopi society and means that when a man marries, he joins his wife’s family. Kivas, square spaces used for spiritual ceremonies, have been used by Hopis since ancient times for ritual prayers, dances, and sacred chants.
There are also many Journeyers in the southern Siberian regions, and in and near present-day Mongolia and China. Your ancient ancestors may have lived in these regions as well. Among these people are the Tuvans, a nomadic people who live in yurts and herd reindeer, yaks and cattle and are known for their enchanting throat singing. The Buryats and the Altay also live in this general region and have notable rates of Journeyers among their populations. There is evidence that the Altay mastered metalwork almost 2,000 years ago.
Over the 50,000 years since your ancestors emerged, they have traveled around Asia, and descendants of the Journeyers can be found in Taiwan, Korea, Japan, Indonesia, Polynesia and Micronesia.
Filed under: San Diego
This record of my great-great-great-great grandparents’ marriage in 1812 was taken from the Registros Matrimonios in San Pascual de Obando Parish in Bulacan, Philippines.
Transcript: “En el año del Señor de mil ochocientos y doce, en veinte y nueve de Mayo; haviendo presedido las tres denunciaciones del Santo Concilio de Trento sin resultar impedimento alguno, El Pueblo de Don Miguel Fernando con Lizardo del [...]. Cura de este Parroquioa del Pueblo de Obando solemnizo el matrimonio [...] Antonio de San Diego, soltero, hijo de Roque de San Diego, y de Ana Bernardo, naturales y residentes de este Pueblo del Barrio de Don Juan Martin; y Dorothea Candida, dalaga, hija de Don Juan Candida y de Doña Maria de la Concepcion, assim[...] naturales y residentes de este [...] Pueblo del Barrio de Don Victorino de Mendoza; Los quales expresaron su mutuo consentimiento ante mi, y los testigos que fueron Don Teodoro Avendaño y Santiago Evangelista inmediatamente recivieron los bendiciones nupciales y to firme – Fr. Casimiro [...]“
Translation: “In the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and twelve, on the 29th of May, having presided over three condemnations of the Holy Council of Trent; having found no impediments in the District of Don Miguel Fernando with Lizardo del [...]. The parish priest of this town of Obando solemnizes [...] the marriage of Antonio de San Diego, bachelor, son of Roque de San Diego, and Ana Bernardo, natural (parents) and residents of this town of the District of Don Juan Martin; and Dorothea Candida, spinster, daughter of Don Juan Candida and Doña Maria de la Concepcion, assim[...] natural (parents) and residents of this [...] town of the District of Don Victorino de Mendoza who expressed their mutual consent before me, and witnessed by Don Teodoro Avendaño and Santiago Evangelista, immediately received the nuptial blessings and signed – Fr. Casimiro [...]“
My thoughts …
1. This record takes me back one more generation and defines the names of two sets of my great-great-great-great-great grand parents, Roque de San Diego and Ana Bernardo, on one side, and Juan Candida and Maria de la Concepcion on another.
2. What is the abbreviated term that precedes “naturales” (assim[...]) and describes the relationship between the bride and her parents? It is the first time I have come across this term. Typical descriptions would be “naturales” or natural parents, and “legitimos” or parents from a legitimate marriage. Some Philippine towns are more rigid about defining this, while others are not.
3. Why did the bride’s parents carry the titles of Don and Doña; while the groom’s parents did not? In colonial Philippines, these titles were honorific in nature, automatically attached to individuals of significant distinction in the community, rather than reserved for those of noble birth. It would be interesting to know how the Candida Family attained their social stature — perhaps that will be key to sourcing where the wealth of the later San Diego generations were rooted.
4. Where did these families live? Typical of the practice of the times, where the couple and their parents lived are described in the document, not in actual street names; but by the name of their cabezas del barrio or barrio captains. I would need more information before I could plot this out in a map.
5. Note the use of abbreviations in this record. I am not certain if these are considered standard clerical shorthand of the times or if these are unique to the person who wrote the record. Nonetheless, similar abbreviations can be found in the volume set from which this record was lifted.
Filed under: San Diego
Pronounced [san-di-ye'-go], the family was named after Saint James — most likely, Saint James the Greater (not St. James the Evangelist), who brought Christianity to Spain and is the nation’s patron saint. The spelling variations of this surname include Santiago, de Santiago, Santyago, de Santyago, Sandiego, San Jaime, Yago, Yagüe, Yague, Yagües, Yagues, Yáguez, among others. This name was first found in Galicia, an important Christian kingdom of medieval Spain.
The San Diego’s name predates the Claveria Decree of 1849, as we have found documentation on the lineage up to the early 19th century. The San Diego’s ancestral home is Obando, Bulacan, Philippines; where the earliest known patriarch, Roque de San Diego was born in the late 17oo’s.
In the 1880s, Mariano Avendaño San Diego migrated to Parian, Cebu and settled there. The home that Mariano and his wife, Maria Yap, still stands today and is reputed to be the oldest residential structure in Cebu. His descendants took the conjugated version of the family name, Sandiego.
Our branch of the massive San Diego clan moved to Manila City before World War II, but a significant majority still remain in Bulacan.
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